The European background The English colonization of North America was but one chapter in the larger story of European expansion throughout the globe. The Portuguesebeginning with a voyage to Porto Santo off the coast of West Africa inwere the first Europeans to promote overseas exploration and colonization. By the Portuguese had traveled all the way to the southern tip of Africa, establishing trading stations at ArguinSierra Leoneand El Mina.
History[ edit ] Early map of Hispaniola and Puerto Ricoc. Domingue, or San Domingo.
The colonial terms Saint-Domingue and Santo Domingo are sometimes still applied to the whole island, though these names refer, respectively, to the colonies that became Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Inthe United States occupation government, led by Harry Shepard Knappobliged the use of the name Hispaniola on the island, and recommended the use of that name to the National Geographic Society.
It was also adopted as the official name of independent Santo Domingo, as the Republic of Spanish Haitia state that existed from November until its annexation by Haiti in February A contingent of men were left at an outpost christened La Navidadon the north coast of present-day Puerto Plata.
On his return the following year,  following the destruction of La Navidad by the local population, Columbus quickly established a second compound farther east in present-day Dominican RepublicLa Isabela.
European colonization of the island began in earnest the following year, when 1, men arrived from Spain under the watch of Bartolomeo Columbus.
Inthe town of Nueva Isabela was founded. After being destroyed by a hurricaneit was rebuilt on the opposite side of the Ozama River and called Santo Domingo.
It is the oldest permanent European settlement in the Americas. The Spanish believed Africans would be more capable of performing physical labor. From tothe indigenous uprising known as Enriquillo's Revolt ensued, resulting from escaped African slaves on the island possibly working with the Taino people.
Molasses was the chief product. Diego Colon's plantation had 40 African slaves in By19 mills were in operation from Azua to Santo Domingo. By the early 17th century, the island and its smaller neighbors notably Tortuga became regular stopping points for Caribbean pirates.
Inthe government of Philip III ordered all inhabitants of Hispaniola to move close to Santo Domingo, to avoid interaction with pirates. Rather than secure the island, his action meant that French, English and Dutch pirates established their own bases on the abandoned north and west coasts of the island.
The French colony was given the name Saint-Domingue. In the Treaty of RyswickSpain formally ceded the western third of the island to France. Nicknamed the "Pearl of the Antilles," it became the richest and most prosperous colony in the West Indieswith a system of human enslavement used to grow and harvest sugar cane, during a time when demand for sugar was high in Europe.
Slavery kept prices low and profit was maximized at the expense of human lives. It was an important port in the Americas for goods and products flowing to and from France and Europe. With the treaty of Peace of Baselrevolutionary France emerged as a major European power.
In the second Treaty of Basel July 22Spain ceded the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, later to become the Dominican Republic.
French settlers had begun to colonize some areas in the Spanish side of the territory.
European colonists often died young due to tropical fevers, as well as from violent slave resistance in the late eighteenth century. When the French Revolution abolished slavery in the colonies on February 4,it was a European first,  and when Napoleon reimposed slavery in it led to a major upheaval by the emancipated black slaves.Discovery, Exploration, Colonies, & Revolution.
Updated July 3, JUMP TO.. TIMELINES & MAPS / PRIMARY DOCUMENTS. DISCOVERY & EXPLORATION. NATIVE AMERICANS & COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Costa Rica’s History from the pre-Columbian era to Christopher Columbus’ discovery, colonial developments, independence to current 21st century events. HISTORY ERAS • The First Americans • Colonial Era • American Revolution • Early National Period • Pre-Civil War Era • Slavery • Civil War • Reconstruction • Gilded Age • America Becomes a World Power • Progressive Era • World War I • s • Great Depression • World War II • Post-War Era • s • Vietnam War • • The 21st Century.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1, miles (1, km) southeast of Miami, Florida.
DOMINATED BY SEPHARDIC JEWISH BANKERS, the private Bank of England expanded its investments into North America largely through the Hudson Bay Company.
View Entire Story Here, Here & Here. The early American colonists of the 17th Century were beholden to .