Same Display Dimensions As a corollary, Equivalent lenses are lenses that produce Equivalent photos on the format they are used on which means they will have the same AOV angle of view and the same aperture diameter. The focal lengths all have the same [diagonal] AOVso we say the focal lengths are equivalent. The same total amount of light falls on the sensor for the same equivalent relative aperture and same exposure time, so we say the exposures are equivalent.
In a triumph of early modern hermeneutics, the Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla proved in that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery. This was done through intrinsic evidence of the text itself.
Thus hermeneutics expanded from its medieval role of explaining the true meaning of the Bible. However, biblical hermeneutics did not die off. For example, the Protestant Reformation brought about a renewed interest in the interpretation of the Bible, which took a step away from the interpretive tradition developed during the Middle Ages back to the texts themselves.
Martin Luther and John Calvin emphasized scriptura sui ipsius interpres scripture interprets itself. Calvin used brevitas et facilitas as an aspect of theological hermeneutics. They interpreted Scripture as responses to historical or social forces so that, for example, apparent contradictions and difficult passages in the New Testament might be clarified by comparing their possible meanings with contemporary Christian practices.
Friedrich Schleiermacher — explored the nature of understanding in relation not just to the problem of deciphering sacred texts but to all human texts and modes of communication. The interpretation of a text must proceed by framing its content in terms of the overall organization of the work. Schleiermacher distinguished between grammatical interpretation and psychological interpretation.
The former studies how a work is composed from general ideas; the latter studies the peculiar combinations that characterize the work as a whole.
He said that every problem of interpretation is a problem of understanding and even defined hermeneutics as the art of avoiding misunderstanding.
Comparative Essay:Â Eastern vs. Western Landscapes The Eastern landscape tradition is markedly different from that of the West.Â Eastern artists intended to evoke meditative contemplation through visual imagery using atmospheric perspective, placement, and asymmetry.Â Eastern works also . THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much. Romantics Versus Classicists. Even before the French Revolution a change of mood had made itself felt across most fine art disciplines. Towards the middle of the eighteenth century, when social conventions had become governed by a strictly stylized etiquette, representatives of the Sturm und Drang movement vehemently rejected the superficiality of contemporary life.
Misunderstanding was to be avoided by means of knowledge of grammatical and psychological laws. During Schleiermacher's time, a fundamental shift occurred from understanding not merely the exact words and their objective meaning, to an understanding of the writer's distinctive character and point of view.
Howard termed this approach analytic hermeneutics. Understanding moves from the outer manifestations of human action and productivity to the exploration of their inner meaning.
In his last important essay, "The Understanding of Other Persons and Their Manifestations of Life"Dilthey made clear that this move from outer to inner, from expression to what is expressed, is not based on empathy.
Empathy involves a direct identification with the Other. Interpretation involves an indirect or mediated understanding that can only be attained by placing human expressions in their historical context.
Thus, understanding is not a process of reconstructing the state of mind of the author, but one of articulating what is expressed in his work. Dilthey divided sciences of the mind human sciences into three structural levels: Experience means to feel a situation or thing personally.
Dilthey suggested that we can always grasp the meaning of unknown thought when we try to experience it. His understanding of experience is very similar to that of phenomenologist Edmund Husserl. Expression converts experience into meaning because the discourse has an appeal to someone outside of oneself.
Every saying is an expression. Dilthey suggested that one can always return to an expression, especially to its written form, and this practice has the same objective value as an experiment in science.
The possibility of returning makes scientific analysis possible, and therefore the humanities may be labeled as science.One of the most famous monuments of Islamic art is the Taj Mahal, a royal mausoleum, located in Agra, India.
Hinduism is the majority religion in India; however, because Muslim rulers, most famously the Mughals, dominated large areas of modern-day India for centuries, India has a vast range of Islamic art and architecture. Write a word essay comparing and contrasting Auden's "Musée des Beaux Arts" with Breughel's Landscape with the Fall of Icarus.
Explain how the subject is treated in a similar way in both works and how each work of art creates something new.
Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history roughly spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years' War (–) for Dutch independence.. The new Dutch Republic was the most prosperous nation in Europe and led European trade, science, and art.
The northern Netherlandish provinces that made up the new state.
Outline Thesis: Despite the two pictures having differences in landscape and mood, they are similar in the way that their included persons are perceived. I. The contrast of landscapes A.
Nature/rural v. urban porch scene 1. color v. black and white 2. at ease v. staged/planned photo (tie in to next paragraph) II.
- Landscape painting has been a center of Oriental style painting and has portrayed the balance of nature as Wang Yu once said, "A landscape painting is the best of painting." Picasso attempted many styles of work. [tags: Paintings Art Compare Contrast] Strong Essays words | ( pages) | .
Equivalence relates the visual properties of photos from different formats based on the focal length and aperture of the lens. Neither the focal length nor the relative aperture of a lens change as a function of sensor (for example, a 50mm f/ lens is a 50mm f/ lens, regardless of the sensor behind the lens).