How did different skin colors come about?
Whether we are talking about ethnic cleansings, group hatred or retraction of equity laws under the guise that these are unfair, the underlying issue is the same.
One group, threatened by the perceived loss of power, exercises social, economic and political muscle against the Other to retain privilege by restructuring for social advantage.
Such actions and efforts call for an understanding of the basic concepts of prejudice and racism, and how to lessen their destructive effect.
At the heart of prejudice lies two concepts: All of us tend to Being different will only result into prejudicial attitudes towards others. This type of prejudice or "pre-judgment" is based on ignorance. It is a normal human response to racial, social, sexual and other forms of differences, because all human beings tend to prejudge others on the basis of limited knowledge, especially if they are different from us.
Thus we are all prejudiced, and virtually none are exempt.
Most of what passes for prejudice in society is the result of ignorance of other groups and their way of life and social condition. Because of the way American society is presently structured, most Whites have almost no conceptual idea nor first-hand experience of life in the African American and Latino communities.
In light of such a common human condition, the advice of a former seminary professor of mine is most helpful and worthy of practice: What makes racial prejudice so sinister is not just the act of prejudging a person or a group. Prejudice is an inflexible, rational attitude that, often in a disguised manner, defends privilege, and even after evidence to the contrary will not change, so that the post-judgment is the same as the pre-judgment.
In the definition of prejudice, the indictment is greater for post-judgment than for pre-judgment. This is because racial prejudice is the refusal to change one's attitude even after evidence to the contrary, so that one will continue to post-judge people the same way one pre-judged them.
This is the due to the fear of losing the power of privilege. In prejudice people are basically defending privilege of position and thus stand to gain emotionally, culturally, socially and economically from an attitude of prejudice towards others.
Whenever people sense that these privileges are threatened they become fearful of the Other and react. The old adage applies here: People find great social and economical benefit from being prejudiced.
And as long as these gains are forthcoming, people will continue to maintain their prejudice, in spite of the evidence to the contrary, for prejudice is more visceral than cerebral.
Prejudice operates on three levels: Stereotypes are a set of exaggerated and inaccurate generalizations about a group or category of people that is either favorable or unfavorable, which are often emotionally toned and not susceptible of modification through empirical evidence.
These generalizations are maintained because they are a shared belief receiving strong support from one's reference groups. Stereotypes are the social scripts we have in our heads about others and the roles we believe they should play in our socially constructed world.
These may be negative feelings of fear, dread, caution, fight or flight; or positive feelings of joy, solidarity, and we-ness, depending on how the Other is viewed. The deep well out of which these feelings rise is filled with early memories of encounters with others or with behaviors and beliefs we were socialized, which surge to the surface when the Other is encountered.
It has crippled them and limited their humanity. The result is an attack on multiculturalism and the need for a sense of psychological superiority expressed in prejudice at the affective level.
Discrimination is the unequal treatment of individuals or groups on the basis of some, usually categorical, attribute, such as race, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, age, or social class membership.
Prejudice is an attitude, however. When it results in an action, it becomes discrimination. Both together form the basis for racism. Prejudice is an attitudinal bias, while discrimination is a behavioral bias. The privilege that prejudice rationally defends is a product of racism.
Racism, however, is more than just prejudice and discrimination combined. Racism and prejudice are not mental illnesses or psychological problems people have. Neither are they the product of "psychological abnormalities. Racism goes beyond prejudice an attitude to structure this power advantage politically, economically, culturally and religiously within a social system, whether it be simple as in personal bias or complex as in the role apartheid played in South Africawhich gives social advantage to some at the expense of others perceived to be inferior and undeserving.They believe that the various groups could have arisen only by evolving separately over tens of thousands of years.
Thus, they would move away or be forced away from each other, into different environments. This, of course, is what God intended. The dominant features of the various people groups result from different combinations of.
Not only is forestland being used for the plants that can be extracted from it but forests are also being cut down so that the land can be used for farming. Farming: In order for farmers to be able to use forestland for farming and agriculture, the forest must first be cut down to make room to plant crops.
Handling Diversity in the Workplace Section One What Diversity Really Means Objectives • Define diversity. Realize the importance of learning to accept and work with different types of people. It is the only neutral form of chief feature—which means it has no polar opposite, being positioned at the intersection of all the dualities.
This allows for greater flexibility, however. A person with stubbornness can easily “slide” from neutral into any of the other chief feature positions, such as greed or martyrdom.
There are many ways to use Excel formulas to decrease the amount of time you spend in Excel and increase the accuracy of your data and your reports. This formula only works with numbers though: (or more) different cells into one cell.
If You Want Different Results, You Have to Try Different Approaches. If you want different results than what you’re getting, you have to try different approaches.
The only way a person gets into debt is by spending morethan they earn. That makes sense, right? If you spend less than you earn, you have no reason to go into debt and your.