The division is based on differences in mechanical properties and in the method for the transfer of heat.
A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation for example, the large muscles of a weightlifter.
Any heritable characteristic of an organism that improves its ability to survive and reproduce in its environment. Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection.
A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it. Peaks on the landscape correspond to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is high, valleys to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is low.
Also called a fitness surface. A behavior has adaptive logic if it tends to increase the number of offspring that an individual contributes to the next and following generations.
If such a behavior is even partly genetically determined, it will tend to become widespread in the population. Then, even if circumstances change such that it no longer provides any survival or reproductive advantage, the behavior will still tend to be exhibited -- unless it becomes positively disadvantageous in the new environment.
The diversification, over evolutionary time, of a species or group of species into several different species or subspecies that are typically adapted to different ecological niches for example, Darwin's finches.
The term can also be applied to larger groups of organisms, as in "the adaptive radiation of mammals. A mode of coping with competition or environmental conditions on an evolutionary time scale. Species adapt when succeeding generations emphasize beneficial characteristics.
A person who believes that the existence of a god or creator and the nature of the universe is unknowable. An umbrella term for various simple organisms that contain chlorophyll and can therefore carry out photosynthesis and live in aquatic habitats and in moist situations on land.
The term has no direct taxonomic significance. Algae range from macroscopic seaweeds such as giant kelp, which frequently exceeds 30 m in length, to microscopic filamentous and single-celled forms such as Spirogyra and Chlorella.
One of the alternative forms of a gene. For example, if a gene determines the seed color of peas, one allele of that gene may produce green seeds and another allele produce yellow seeds.
In a diploid cell there are usually two alleles of any one gene one from each parent. Within a population there may be many different alleles of a gene; each has a unique nucleotide sequence.
The relation between the size of an organism and the size of any of its parts. For example, an allometric relation exists between brain size and body size, such that in this case animals with bigger bodies tend to have bigger brains.
Allometric relations can be studied during the growth of a single organism, between different organisms within a species, or between organisms in different species. Speciation that occurs when two or more populations of a species are geographically isolated from one another sufficiently that they do not interbreed.
Living in separate places. The unit molecular building block of proteinswhich are chains of amino acids in a certain sequence.
There are 20 main amino acids in the proteins of living things, and the properties of a protein are determined by its particular amino acid sequence. A series of amino acids, the building blocks of proteinsusually coded for by DNA. Extinct relatives of cephalopods squid, octopi, and chambered nautilusesthese mollusks had coiled shells and are found in the fossil record of the Cretaceous period.
The group of reptiles, birds, and mammals. These all develop through an embryo that is enclosed within a membrane called an amnion.
The amnion surrounds the embryo with a watery substance, and is probably an adaptation for breeding on land.Plate tectonics theory is taught in science classrooms around the world, but just 50 years ago it was a hotly contested theory.
The idea that the Earth’s crust is made up of huge tectonic plates that are floating on an ocean of molten hot magma seemed too fantastic to be believed.
It may be fantastic, but that is. Fossil Distribution. One of the first lines of evidence suggesting the existence of plate tectonics was the discovery of very similar fossils in rock masses separated by vast distances and by ocean expanses. It suggested that those land areas had in the past been connected.
The second piece of evidence in support of continental drift came during the late s and early 60s from data on the made it clear around that continental drift was feasible and the theory of plate tectonics, which was defined in a series of papers between and , was born, with all its extraordinary explanatory and predictive.
What are 3 pieces of evidence that support the theory of Continental Drift? - Landform (•the coast of different continents are similar (especially the east coast of south America and the west coast of Africa) What are the 4 pieces of evidence used to support the theory of plate tectonics?-Seafloor Spreading-Earthquake patterns -Ocean.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather . Reclamation Library Glossary.
Listed alphabetically below are definitions for terms commonly used by the Bureau of Reclamation. Clickable alphabet links have been provided at the beginning and end of the glossary to aid in searches.